It seems unlikely that they will stop the exploitation if an agreement is ever reached. Especially since unemployment in the region remains a major problem. In June 1973, following the publication of a British White Paper and a referendum in March on the Statute of Northern Ireland, a new parliamentary body, the Northern Ireland Assembly, was created. Elections were held on 28 June. In October 1973, the established nationalist and unionist parties negotiated, with the British and Irish governments, the Sunningdale Agreement, which was to bring a political solution to Northern Ireland, but with an « Irish dimension » in which the Republic participated. . . .