Traditional trade relations between the EU and Japan were once characterised by large trade surpluses in favour of Japan. Total trade in services between the EU and Japan accounts for around 35% of total merchandise trade between the EU and Japan. At the same time, EU services exports to Japan account for around 50% of EU goods exports to the country. In Japan, activity or investment can be a challenge for European companies due to the characteristics of Japanese society and the Japanese economy. The United States and Japan have reached a trade agreement on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products, with plans to continue further negotiations for an expanded free trade agreement. On October 17, 2019, the United States and Japan concluded an agreement on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products. Japanese lawmaker approved the agreement on December 5, 2019. Presidential Proclamation 9974 was issued on December 26, 2019 and set an effective date of January 1, 2020. On 30 December 2019, the communication from the Federal Register (84 FR 72187) on the implementation of the agreement was adopted. To support trade relations between the EU and Japan, informal bilateral dialogues and other specific initiatives have been set up: Japan has requested ratification by blaming the agreements on its bicameral parliament, the national parliament. On 19 November 2019, the lower house of the Chamber of Deputies, the House of Representatives, voted on both agreements. On 4 December 2019, Parliament formally approved the agreements after they were adopted by the House of Lords, the Council`s House of Lords.
Since congressional approval in the United States is not required, President Trump signed the agreements himself on December 26, 2019. Both agreements entered into force on 1 January 2020. Within four months of implementation, President Trump and Prime Minister Abe will shift their efforts to a broader trade deal. This broader agreement should cover both tariff and non-tariff barriers, including tariffs and restrictions on trade in services and investment. 5. ustr.gov/countries-regions/japan-korea-apec/japan. 6. EY Global Tax Alert, USTR, grants new exclusions for Lists 1, 2 and 3 for products originating in China; The United States and Japan agree on merchandise trade and digital trade on September 27, 2019.
The President of the United States (United States), Donald Trump, signed on the 26th The proclamation took place about three weeks after Japan`s bicameral Parliament, the National Parliament, approved the two agreements in early December. The U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement (Trade Agreement) will eliminate or reduce tariffs on agricultural and industrial goods and set preferential quotas for U.S.-specific products. The U.S.-Japan Digital Trade Agreement is a separate agreement between the two countries that sets out guidelines for priority areas of digital trade. The agreements entered into force on 1 January 2020 and will serve as a basis for further negotiations for a broader free trade agreement between the United States and Japan.2 10. United States-Japan Trade Agreement, Annex I: Japan`s Tariffs and Customs Provisions, I-B-5-1; ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/agreements/japan/Annex_I_Tariffs_and_Tariff-Related_Provisions_of_Japan.pdf. The EU and Japan meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices in the implementation of the agreement. As part of the government`s broader trade agenda, President Trump has long been critical of the trade imbalance between the United States and Japan, the world`s largest and third-largest economies, respectively. .